The Principles of Training only identify the theories and ideals behind what I do, and why. They make no attempt to explain the training, but rather, serve as a reference point for making decisions. Listed in no order.

  • Do no harm.
  • Rapid iteration, always. Adapt to the horse. Change is the only constant.
  • Guidance, not coercion. As little force possible.

Do No Harm

Safety and well-being of both participants (horse and trainer,) are of the utmost importance. Given an existing problem, the chance to do good should significantly outweigh the chance for harm.

Rapid iteration

Everything depends on the needs of the horse, always. There are no guidelines except to do what works, in keeping with the Principles of Training.


The horse should be allowed to make mistakes, question authority, and try new things. The horse should be guided – shaped, if you will – and not lead, toward the desired behavior. It is paramount that the horse be allowed to try and fail, fearlessly, and often.

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